The present candles are very different from their ancestors in the period prior to the polyester revolution. The shape has always been the most important factor in the efficiency of the candle, and the time was when he chose the most suitable canvas for the conditions, he took it out and picked it up. Some cruise candles continue to be this way. They work pretty well, but the fabric of which is cut often means that its performance potential is nowhere near that of a modern candle whose geometry can be modified to adapt to the wind and the sea. This equipment has turned into cruises following the leadership of the competing craft, the cutting-edge technology has gone on fabrics of such sophistication and stability that the shape cut into its candles is hardly any sees compromised until they literally burst.
The maximum camber of a candle should be a bit forward towards half of its cross section. In practice, this varies depending on the type of candle that is and how hard the wind blows. The power of an airplane depends on its depth of curvature, so that a baggy candle will lead you in a light air much more effective than a plane. As the breeze hardens, the power of the candle at full speed will be too great for the ship. It should be applied or re-flattened, if possible; Or they change for a different candle if it is not.
This requirement is underlined by the fact that as the wind increases, a candle becomes more full and the maximum camber point fires aft to the nut. Both results are the opposite of the desirable one, and we must do so to mitigate them.
In addition to the question of camera control, there is also the question of torsion. The majority of the candles are retracted from the wind in their upper sections. This trend is deliberately incorporated and can be controlled so that it works at your advantage.
Twist is an open book for many sailors, but ignoring it will considerably compromise the speed of your boat. The reason for its importance is this: the wind blows more strongly than near the deck, because the surface friction with the sea reduces it. When a ship navigates above, the wind that experiences is a material known as apparent wind. It can be fed by a real wind of the sea, but it is making a ghost breeze from the front dead in the same direction and contrary to its own progress through the flowing air. This ghost combines with the real wind to generate the real breeze through the sails. The apparent wind that they form comes from below and is stronger than the real wind, as long as it does not blow with the force of the jet.
Obviously, the faster the real wind is for a certain speed of the ship, the less the interference caused by the movement of the ship. Since the true high wind is a bit stronger than the level of the roof, the apparent wind up here is a little more 'free' than the air that goes down. If the upper part of the candle can be twisted to take advantage of it, its resulting force will produce a larger component than the one delivered by the lower section of the same cloth area.
In addition, the entire sailing will be clean, with no part or elevation or stop.
In the case of a fractional platform, the upper section of the main tail statures unperturbed air, while the lower parts receive the wind that is already inclined aft by the shoulders. The torsion control is vital if you do not have to stop the top of the candle.
Too many turns can result in loss of power if it is released without control when it is reached on a windy day. The boom gets annoyed again, while the third upper part of the main shore launches its unrestricted air to go underground for torture torture.
Giving shape to headaches
In most craft, the main tool for controlling the head head camber is the winch. Some traditional boats are equally well served by a tough descent, but any method that is used, the crucial characteristic of the sail at a given time is the voltage of its voltage.
Raise the candle, then direct the boat or almost on a nearby route. Now look at the middle part of the candle. If you have a "quick" band, your task is easier. If not, you will have to judge the way you look at the seams. The camber should not use up to 35-40% of the stern on the track. If it's too far behind, have the ratchet and watch the project go ahead. If the steering wheel is too "hard" (that is, the camber is too far ahead), release a few centimeters and continue to look.
If the candle seems susceptible to this treatment, check it again once the speed of the boat has increased. The apparent wind will now be bigger and the sail may require some adjustment. It is important to do so with your completely open barrier genre, as well as with a sticky candle.
As the wind increases, continue to tighten your stomach until the efforts to keep a good camber turn into unfruitful. The candle now should control the power if the sailor and the designer achieve their sums. Change it for a smaller one, which must also be flatter or coil it.
The opposite of keeping the sails reasonably flat as the wind is hardening is that sometimes a candle that is too much altered can be configured. Then, the power to drive the ship in light air will be lacking. If the candle seems lifeless, relieve the lobster and the plate if necessary, in order to light the canvas.
The attention to the flight of the candle can cause the flight to require service. If equipped, the seal line is a slight piece sewn on the final edge of the candle. It should be "adjusted" gently enough away to stop the leakage and not more. Too much voltage causes a hooked nut, which is odious to see. If the pit is already stuck, release the line until it will allow the sail.
The rotation of a tail of the head is determined mainly by the position of the cables of the sheets. Most of the boats have it in sliders. If it does not, the candle must be cut to the position of the fixed wires.
Sheet leaf positions are crucial. When the helmsman approaches the sail a little too close to the wind from outside or from outside, the steering wheel should raise evenly up to the top. If the bottom of the pipe rises first, the lead is too far ahead, which makes the leash very narrow so that the candle does not twist sufficiently. If the top comes first, there is too much gyro, caused so that the lead is too much aft. The best position can only be found by experiment, but the "stories" are very useful. If you do not have it, install them now. Everything you need is three wicks of 20 cm in length that are thrown through the candle with a candle needle, about 15 cm 6 cm (15 cm) and scored on either side. The torturers always fire just before the sailing lifts. If the guys come out to dance, they say to him without margin of discussion that the candle has prevented so much of the overload available, as because the person who directs the ship to the trade is leading it to leeward of its best route.
Setting the main tips
As in a head flight, the main camera is controlled by intense voltage. However, sails on ships with any pretense of performance generally also offer a quick repair. The effects of this will extend approximately to the lower third of the candle. Take it easy to flatten the candle as the breeze fills.
A key key that is established behind a genus will not require the hard entry emphatically. This way will often lead to the main steering wheel when the ship is regulated close by. Instead of that, a soft curve up to a maximum camber practically at the center of the sail will work fine if the ship is narrow. The most powerful candle in a fraction device should take a little longer your maximum camber, but still with a flat, smooth entry.
The mainsail turn is highly controllable in a modern yacht. The exhaust voltage, the essential element, is determined by the main sheet when it is closed thoroughly. With the strap of stitches (or stitch, or bang of the central boom) left, spoil the tension of the sheet until the top of the candle aligns with the boom when viewed from below. There is no need to get into the bottom of the cabin, there is enough.
Once you have the turn that you are after, and if the candles are well cut, the mainstay will now sweeten the one of a well cut genus: the angle of attack of the baby can be determined by the journey of the leaf main, so much time. since the wind is very advanced from the beam. This means that, in practice, it strikes or closes well, form the candle with a screw, out of fist and sheet, and cut it with the passenger. If you are far enough away from the wind to wish to relieve the sheet, set the stopper to keep the leak tension when the blade can no longer supply it.
In a racing boat, the powerful striker can be put into service even close to helping flatten the candle. Good tuning is a loss of effort for most large cruise lines, but you should never forget the basics. I have heard that people complained according to the line of: "All this lack of candle shape is for the little runners. Who cares about the knot Y? Yes, for one. With 6 knots, it's worth 6 miles in 24 Hours Spend an hour later than you might have been able to lose a tide, causing a delay of three more hours. It can also be the last straw of a fatigued crew, causing a fatally bad decision in front of # 39; a gale that, in another way, you would have lost. Or maybe just enter after closing the stores.
Whatever the result, not giving your boat the best chance to work well is not at all nice. You do not have to trench a ship to extract that extra knot Y, although it takes to its logical conclusion, 6 miles lost in a 24-hour route are the best part of two days wasted in the average ocean crossing, although in equity I have known people who do not press because they seem to like them.
Combinations of candle
The boats not equipped usually navigate excellent. High-precision shape can be given to a single airplane with a lightweight or staggered handle and can be traced very well. Two notable examples of the truth of this are the Finnish ship and the American cats ship. As the yachts grow larger, a single candle becomes a worse proposal for driving reasons and to send a bunch of sufficient proportions to carry it. From time immemorial, then, sailing plans have been divided.
In addition to the previous advantages, the divided platforms offer other advantages. Since individual sails start up and move to the center of lateral resistance (CLR) to which the ship is turning effectively, plates can be made to balance its management characteristics. At speeds too low for the rudder to be useful, even the sails can be used to convince the boat to point to where you want it to go. Secondly, the slot between two candles produces a venturi effect, accelerating the air flowing through it. This increased speed increases the power not only of the platform in general but also of its individual components. Those who doubt that this happens only have to remain in the slot of an yacht that sails towards a barrier in 15 knots of breeze. But tell them to hang on their hats. It's much sharper than they'd ever believed in the cabin.
As a skipper, you have the balance of the ship's platform at your fingertips and, if it is well-designed, you can do a lot of things about it. The yacht must be easy and light to drive, showing a soft tendency to become the wind if left on its own devices. If you have a large amount of key and only have a small boat, the blind will be rounded off. The result is a weather helmet. This tires the unfortunate who has to steer, besides restraining the ship through the drag of the rudder. The dreaded scarlet, on the other hand, is the lot of the sailor that the ship wears too much linen forwards and too little speed.
Lee's rudder is a bad state. It makes the maneuvers difficult, frustrating the direction and has a debilitating effect on the ability of the yacht to navigate near the wind without going too far. A touch of helm keeps the helm one or two degrees below, which deflects the flowing water, enough to help the keel to lift the boat as opposed to the lateral forces. Lee Helm achieves the reverse effect.
In addition to the layout of your sailing plan, the balance of the yacht's rudder varies depending on the amount of rudder. As you lean towards the bottom, the rhythm will increase. Moving to the coil generates the rudder. This makes sense when it is considered that the whole set is pulling the platform. As the boat is cut, the center of the mast and stick effort moves outwards. If he dragged the ship through the water by a rope at the end of a beam of ships dotted across the deck, he would try to get away from that side. The same goes for the platform.
Ships with flat and feathery intermediate sections, such as many modern high-performance cruises, and runners suffer from a more subtle source of heel-induced rudder. As they lean, the leeward side of the submerged helmet turns to a point of exaggeration. The meteorological side is flattened accordingly. The imbalance produces a rudder that, in certain cases, appears suddenly and uncontrollably over a critical angle of heel. You must take this into account on a boat, especially if you sail in a river on a splendid day and surrounded by expensive moored yachts.
Shortening of the candle
Shortening the candle as the wind is fortified is part of the daily life of the sailor. It is not something. The process must be as natural as changing the gear in the family car. Not only do you bring the appropriate canvas to the conditions, it gives you a drier ride and increases the chances of reaching the ship in one piece, but it keeps the yacht more vertical. As we have just commented, the less I do a ship, the easier it will be at the top. This benefit is based on the fact that the center of effort of a smaller head sailing or a reefed genoa is later than that of a larger one. In the same way, a reef in the main box moves the pit into the boom. Therefore, the sails generate less rudder than if the yacht was extending everything that transported. With a sensitive awareness of the principles of sail's balance, it is not difficult to reduce the canvas in such a way that the behavior of the ship remains docile.
It would not be sensible to generalize where to begin the candle reductions. A piece of cruise ship usually starts by tying a reef to the main key. It may be that you follow one or two changes of headache before going to the second reef, etc. A fractional device often reduces the size of your head tail first. A ketch or a yawl has a mizzen to consider also, but the principles remain the same.
The years since the mid-1970s have seen the rapid rise and general acceptance of patent cancellation systems. The best ones offered for the cap sail boat have now reached a high reliability and are capable of tripping the candle to a moderate degree without much sacrifice in shape. The poorest gears produce a scarlet candle and it seems more like a bag of flour than a genus number 3. With the canvas in the form of a closure, the result is executable. However, all these arrangements offer the advantage of an instantaneous adjustment of the sailing zone. In a short hand boat this sometimes compensates for what is lost in pure performance. There is no ship going to the sea, but without having to make at least some arrangements for the day when the gear fails. The most satisfactory answer is a forest test that can be configured easily and which can be given a storm boat. In fact, this produces the best of all worlds, because this float will always be better than the deeply rolled genie. Therefore, it can be used routinely for the strong weather candle.
There are currently barrier systems that are very advanced in the old round-the-boom roller reef. This method never was ideal for the Bermuda platform, although it remained in use for decades. By far, the simplest and best way to start the main one is with the slab wire, but if you can not take effort, you can also purchase systems in the interior and on the platform. The integrated gears in the mast reach a considerable weight and add to the horrible sum of the plan of the platform. It may or may not be reliable, and probably a candle built for a configuration will have a straight pit without any kind of matrix. On a contemporary platform, this aspect is sad and, certainly, is less potent than the elliptical of the conventional main edge. Spitfire did not have such beautiful wings to look.
The options of mainsail chancellery are divided into three options: stick reel, inboom or round rounded boom and traditional equipment to reduce the candle in the slabs of the foot. Of the three, the slab produces with much the best form of candle; It is extremely reliable and, in any case, easily repairs to the sea. Two healthy adults to easily supply candles of less than 500 square meters (46 square meters) can be easily managed without major discomforts. It seems strange to compromise this vital candle for laziness or lack of stomach to get wet, especially when the last fully scratched systems and lazy-making systems make the task of decorating the child's game.
However, there is an alternative site. They help you practice huge yachts without having numerous cover hands. They also allow elderly people or unfit people to continue enjoying their cruise, but if this option is chosen, it is important to be aware of their limitations in the form of a candle and, possibly, of their unreliability. At least one in-boom re-discovery system is available in the event of breakdown. In addition, the main tail has a conventional ratchet and can always be dropped. Although the systems within the mast have improved a lot, they still represent a total commitment with the reliability of the gear. A trip to the wedge with gale has no appeal to any of us.
Bermudan's yachts today are very favorably, but there is no way to navigate the coastline in light and moderate mode. The ideal is that this endemic deficiency is cured by the use of a spinnaker, but this is beyond the comfort zone of many cruise navigators. The answer is a "cruising shot". It has been developed from the modern spinnaker of asymmetrical races and is really a lightweight and complete genre that only sticks to the attack, the head and the clap. It works in airs too soft for a multi-purpose genre and can be configured in a very wide range without a mast. Surfers will be given a tobacco maker that is wound on the candle, spilling its wind miraculously. This eliminates the concern to use such a powerful tool. In short, a step in descent in light weather without a shower is like the proverbial day without sun.